<!-- [Doug] --> # Effective World Saving ## Intro --- ## So you want to save the world! ![](https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=https%3A%2F%2Fgothinkbig.co.uk%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2014%2F01%2Fsave_world.png&f=1&nofb=1) --- ## What to do? How? Why? ![](https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=http%3A%2F%2Fcdn3.bigcommerce.com%2Fs-ksslwy%2Fproduct_images%2Fuploaded_images%2Fconfused-person-2.png&f=1&nofb=1 =x350) (We've all been there :smile:) --- ## Splitting up EWS - 'philosophy' - fundamental values/beliefs - why save the world? - 'theory' - understanding how actions add-up and reflect values - how can the world be saved? - 'practice' - what to practically do on a day-to-day basis - what should I do today? --- # Effective World Saving ## Season 1, Episode 1: 'philosophy' :thought_balloon: --- <!-- Clara --> ## What this is/n't - To examine and reflect on your beliefs - _NOT to get lost in a 'why-spiral' NOR to answer all questions_ - To present, share and identify ideas - _NOT to seek obective truth_ - To get to know each other better - _NOT to find a group/Kanthaus/universal consensus_ --- _Diiiiiiiiinnnnnnngggg... Ding_ --- <!-- Doug--> ## On philosophy - Our beliefs are [like water to fish](https://youtu.be/PhhC_N6Bm_s?t=17) (Can be hard to realize we have them.) - Not discussed much: Bad faith experiences, 'scientific education', 'amoral' society - Non-scientific ≠ religious ≠ not 'meaningful' - Axioms used in mathematics - Too important to be left to philosophers :smirk: --- ## Kōan time _a story, dialogue, question, or statement which is used in Zen practice to provoke the "great doubt"_ [Kōans](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C5%8Dan) are not for rational answers, but to help reveal underlying principles and values. Make up bits of story if you need to: focus on your beliefs and values which are exposed when you consider the scenarios. --- ## Kōan 1: pair A company wants to mine under a forest they own the property rights for. The people living in the forest don't want anyone to mine under the forest. The CEO of the company and leader of the forest people ask you to decide which of them should get their way. :deciduous_tree: --- ## Kōan 2: pair A publically funded GMO/GVO team has improved photosynthesis 300 % These genetic changes allow plants to grow 3* faster. The effect on the biosphere cannot be fully predicted. You have the deciding vote on whether to open-source the code. :mag: --- ## Personal: individual *or* pair Think of a particular cause you care about regarding 'saving the world' What makes it not OK to stay with the status quo? What values, principles and beliefs influence you? :earth_americas: --- <!-- Clara --> ## Round Personal comments, if any. (Please no direct responses/questions) --- <!-- Doug --> ## [Veil of ignorance](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veil_of_ignorance) ![](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a4/Original_Position.svg/1024px-Original_Position.svg.png =550x) _no one knows his place in society, his class position or social status (Rawls 1970s)._ --- <!-- Clara --> ## [Utilitarianism](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utilitarianism) ![image alt](https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=http%3A%2F%2Fshikharsachdev.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2017%2F01%2Ftrolley.jpg&f=1&nofb=1 =550x) _it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong (Bentham 1776)._ --- ## [Paradox of tolerance](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paradox_of_tolerance) ![](https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwy3mg1xgify37n21x223cw7xl1.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2017%2F08%2FHcuZIT5w8xJLMXoISDexG1GNz5Dj7xHO_QGeueMtdPU-614x350.jpg&f=1&nofb=1 =400x) _when we extend tolerance to those who are openly intolerant the tolerant ones end up being destroyed and tolerance with them (Popper 1945)_ --- <!-- Clara After spending nine months as a German prisoner of war in 1940, Jean-Paul Sartre began exploring the meaning of freedom and free will and in 1940, he penned his principal philosophical work — Being and Nothingness: a phenomenological essay on ontology.--> ## [Existentialism](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Existentialism) ![](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c3/Cloughmore_Stone.jpg/800px-Cloughmore_Stone.jpg =300x) _only by existing and acting a certain way do we give meaning to our lives. We have the choice to take actions to become who we want to be and lead the life we want to live (Sartre 1943)._ --- <!-- Doug --> ## [Chesterton's Fence](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Chesterton%27s_fence) / [Precautionary Principle](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precautionary_principle#Strong_vs._weak) ![](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/48/Blocked_road_-_geograph.org.uk_-_1024571.jpg =250x) _If you don't see the use of it, I certainly won't let you clear it away. Go away and think. Then, when you can come back and tell me that you do see the use of it, I may allow you to destroy it. (Chesterton 1929)_ <!-- Chesterton's admonition should first be understood within his own historical context, as a response to certain socialists and reformers of his time --> --- <!-- Clara --> ## Something to add to the presentation? - We're about to have a fishbowl for discussion - 1 minute to think - Idea, concept, thought experiment, philosopher... --- <!-- Doug What are your "Building blocks" that make you who you are? Why do you care about saving the world? Is there someting we share? Can we try to be a specific about this as we can? --> ## Fishbooooowl ![](https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=https%3A%2F%2Flh4.googleusercontent.com%2FzM_WLGVcGIy_TZcs_B1diowoFOz5vkyKG3k5eGRCyNESBVUAZILg8ruVrvo-z-lvuLkrMDGayZFTJm2CUNPoP5t-9hdC2PgqNAzVZZfRCcBKglBge6NHhC1KIdkh4Pq-6NNg8TVH&f=1&nofb=1 =500x) --- _Diiiiiiiiinnnnnnngggg... Ding_ --- <!-- Clara --> ## Closing round ![](https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=http%3A%2F%2Fbstigmafree.org%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2014%2F01%2FPartners_round-table2.jpg&f=1&nofb=1 =350x) What is on your mind? (Is a concept stuck in your head? Do you have strong feelings about something?) --- --- # Effective World Saving ## Season 1, Episode 2: 'theory' :triangular_ruler: --- ## What this is/n't - A look at different theories of social change - _No claim for completeness of theories_ - To learn more about other underlying theories of change and be inspired - _Not to find the “right solution”_ - To become more aware of one's own underlying "theory of change" - _We understand that what we think is useful and is subject to our own experiences, character, beliefs_ --- _Diiiiiiiiinnnnnnngggg... Ding_ --- # Warm-up exercise The actions that we take might indicate which our underlying theories of social change are and what we believe in. So let's think about what we do "to save the world". --- # Lifestyle ![](https://i.pinimg.com/236x/26/42/46/2642466bb2802bff362e13c2a10e7db6--dumpster-diving-puns.jpg =350x) --- # Support ![](https://assets.change.org/photos/4/jq/ib/NVjqibHYURaRpNj-800x450-noPad.jpg?1510281356) --- # Social entrepreneurship ![](https://as1.ftcdn.net/jpg/01/67/93/70/500_F_167937089_yMICwOvplac3dKlQQt1sfVccPyV5baYQ.jpg =500x) --- # Protest ![](https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/media/thumbs/f/f57bf213182dfde13a3d01c66784cce0v1_max_755x424_b3535db83dc50e27c1bb1392364c95a2.jpg?key=21b79b =700x) --- # Actions ![](https://anfdeutsch.com/uploads/de/articles/2020/02/20200202-ende-gelaende-besetzung-datteln4-foto-ende-gelaende-jpg50ef1b-image.jpg =700x) --- # Something missing? --- # Theories of change ## Working definition _"I have a set of values and want change the world to better reflect these values. This is how I do it."_ ---- #### Theories of change The Glorious Revolution Ethical consumerism [Doug] Bringing production chains to a hold/ General strike --- <!-- Clara --> ## Think global, act local ![](https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=https%3A%2F%2Ftomasgarciaroldan.files.wordpress.com%2F2016%2F09%2Fthink20global20-20act20local.jpg&f=1&nofb=1 =350x) _Consider the health of the entire planet and take action in your own communities and cities._ Geddes, Jonas --- <!-- Doug --> ## [Neoliberalism](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neoliberalism) ![](https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=https%3A%2F%2Fi.cbc.ca%2F1.3839793.1478533393!%2FfileImage%2FhttpImage%2Fimage.jpg_gen%2Fderivatives%2F16x9_620%2Fsafe-zones.jpg&f=1&nofb=1 =350x) _Voluntary exchange between individuals ('the market') leads to democratic outcomes and protects against dictatorship._ Friedmann, Hayek, Popper, Thatcher, Macron --- <!-- Doug --> ## [Accelerationism](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accelerationism) ![](https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.johnlaurits.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2018%2F01%2Fwhat-is-capitalism-definition-capitalist-system.png&f=1&nofb=1 =400x) _"The intensification of capitalism in the belief that this will hasten its self-destructive tendencies and ultimately lead to its collapse."_ Land, Srnicek, Musk, Cummings --- <!-- Clara --> ## Civil disobedience ![](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/80/Rosaparks_bus.jpg/300px-Rosaparks_bus.jpg =180x) _"If the law is such that it necessarily makes of you the arm of wrong-doing to another, then, I say, break the law. Make your life a counterweight to stop the machine." (Thoreau, 1849)_ Parks, Fanon, Gandhi, King --- ## Discourse as power ![](https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn%3AANd9GcS16pazOdvykICI3MFkL7IA2gV1kRQBMPwusOdd1PHnIil41f1- =400x) _Where there is power, there is resistance. And yet, or rather, because of this, resistance is never outside power." (Foucault 1983:96)_ Foucault, Arendt, Schmitt --- ## Something to add? - 1 minute to think - Idea, concept, thought experiment, philosopher... - More theories by FLINT*, BIPOC... - What is/are your theory(ies) of change? --- # Game! ![](https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e7/Comedy_and_tragedy_masks_without_background.svg/400px-Comedy_and_tragedy_masks_without_background.svg.png =350x) --- ### Some agents in society :fist: - Media - Legislature (Parliament) - Judiciary (Courts) - Executive (Police, institutions) - Banking - Business - Faith - Civil society - Grassroot movements - Lobby --- ## Reflection :thought_balloon: What were our underlying theories of social change in the role play(s)? --- # Round ![](https://external-content.duckduckgo.com/iu/?u=http%3A%2F%2Fbstigmafree.org%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2014%2F01%2FPartners_round-table2.jpg&f=1&nofb=1 =400x) What is on your mind? --- # Next Week
{"title":"Effective World Saving, Series 1, Episode 1","tags":"kh, MOI, MOC, philosophy","date":"2020-02-04T00:00:00.000Z","type":"slide"}